Advantages of using biopesticides compared to chemical pesticides

Biopesticides, also known as biological controls or biocontrols, are organisms used to manage pests or diseases and are most notably used in agriculture. Biopesticides use natural food chains to manage pests and diseases by taking advantage of predator-prey or parasite-host relationships. With this method, growers can sustainably manage crop pests without harming non-target organisms, the environment or humans.

There are a few types of organisms which are typically used: natural predators, predatory mites, parasitoids, fungi and nematodes. The species chosen are isolated and thoroughly researched before only the best solutions make it to market.

Advantages of biopesticides (or biocontrols):

  1. Effect on non-target species

Biological control products typically target a narrow range of pests or diseases while non-target organisms, such as birds, bees, fish, humans and beneficial soil organisms, remain unaffected.

  1. Pollution

Since biological controls are naturally occurring organisms, at the end of their life they completely biodegrade and leave no harmful residues on the crop or in the environment. This feature helps promote the safety and well-being of people who work on farms and the environment.

  1. Cost

Biological control, as a part of IPM, works to achieve sustainable management of pests and diseases, keeping the pressure well below economically damaging levels. Pests and diseases do not develop resistance to biological controls. Since the rate of application will only change with pest or disease pressure, farmers can accurately predict input costs.

  1. Pest resistance

Records have shown that pests tend to become resistant to conventional pesticides thus proving that it is not a long-term solution, something that never happens with the use of organic pesticides.

  1. Market

As the ordinary consumer became aware of the dangers posed by synthetic chemicals, demand for farm products that have undergone organic treatments rose. This makes the use of these chemicals a potential risk as there’s a glaring possibility of incurring huge losses due to the consumer shunning your product.


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