Biological pesticides, also known as biopesticides, biological controls or biocontrols, are organisms used to manage pests or diseases and is most notably used in agriculture. Biopesticides are typically natural predators, parasitoids, fungi or nematodes which feed on a target pest, and use natural relationships in the food chain. Growers who use biologicals see the following benefits:
- Effect on non-target species
Biological control products typically target a narrow range of pests or diseases while non-target organisms, such as birds, bees, fish, humans and beneficial soil organisms, remain unaffected.
Since biological controls are naturally occurring organisms, at the end of their life they completely biodegrade and leave no harmful residues on the crop or in the environment. This feature helps promote the safety and wellbeing of people who work on farms and the environment.
Biological control, as a part of IPM, works to achieve sustainable management of pests and diseases, keeping the pressure well below economically damaging levels. Pests and diseases do not develop resistance to biological controls. Since the rate of application will only change with pest or disease pressure, farmers can accurately predict input costs.
- Pest resistance
Records have shown that pests tend to become resistance to conventional pesticides thus proving that it is not a long term solution, something that never happens with the use of organic pesticides.
As the ordinary consumer became aware of the dangers posed by synthetic chemicals, demand for farm products that have undergone organic treatments rose. This makes the use of these chemicals a potential risk as there’s a glaring possibility of incurring huge losses due to the consumer shunning your product.
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